Monday, January 20, 2020

Andrew Carnegie: The Man Behind the Steel :: American History Essays

Andrew Carnegie: The Man Behind the Steel I chose to right about Andrew Carnegie for the two following reasons. The first being his Scottish heritage, and second being his close ties with the city of Pittsburgh. I happen to have some Scottish blood in me but more importantly I am from Pittsburgh. Andrew Carnegie’s story of rags to riches is slightly more inspiring than that of Henry Clay Frick, his partner. As a Scottish immigrant Carnegie made his ways through the ranks of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Upon passing on an offer for the superintendent of the Pittsburgh division of the Pennsylvania Railroad; Carnegie and his brother Thomas purchased an already running mill (Burgoyne 6). From here Carnegie built up the largest and most lucrative iron and steel works in the world. His character was often challenged by certain individuals and defended by others. It is common knowledge that Carnegie viewed himself as a man of the people since he came from humble beginnings. Conversely labor historian Harold Livesay was quoted in saying, â€Å"that certainly by the standards of ethics and conduct to which we would like to hold businessmen today, he indeed operated extremely ruthlessly († Carnegie’s character, views on labor and actions regarding Homestead will be discussed more in depth further. The Homestead Strike of 1892 is known as one of the bloodiest and most bitter labor strikes in American history. Many though would consider it to a necessary progressive movement even taking into account the many lost lives. In order to understand what exactly occurred in Homestead during the summer of 1892 it is first necessary to understand the town of Homestead itself. It is important to point out the fact that without the mill there would be no Homestead, therefore making the mill the nucleus of the town. The mill was located along the Monongahela River in the south of Pittsburgh. Not having seen the mill myself I’m sure that it would have been a beacon to Pittsburghers, encompassing 600 acres of the river’s bank (Burgoyne 1-2). The entire of economy of Homestead was centered on the mill with all other businesses depending on the revenue dispersed by the mill. Store owners, bartenders, and seamstresses all alike depended on paychecks from the mill to spend at their respective proprietorships. There for the lockout of the mill did not simply affect the mill workers but rather all 12,000 residents of Homestead (Burgoyne 1). As for Andrew Carnegie, well he became the richest man in the world. In the year 1900 Carnegie sold the company to J.P Morgan for $480 million.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

After the Battle

A jumble of limbs and skin, not that I knew it, I was just another fragment of the landscape, a surface of khaki and blood, surrounded the shore, clouded a dusky pink where a ship sat deserted and alone. Sand gatherings were sleek as they followed the wind and flustering specs as sharp as glass, were deciding where to settle, inspecting every body, join it for a while, but would soon be gone. Now my clothes are crusted with blood, a gunshot so neat can rip through your body; like a mole it burrow's within the depths of flesh, blood and bone, stopping at nothing to pass to the other side. A gunshot so destructive, can take no longer than a fraction of a millisecond, to puncture your heart, to suck the air from your lungs and leave the blood to empty your veins hour after hour. Hour after hour†¦its time to bleed. I could no longer feel the bitter sting of the burning sand on my open wounds, nor the suffocating inner walls of the tunnels, carved by a bullet, still seeping. All I could feel was a general ache, the fact that I'm still alive, seems inadequate. I feel like a tap that has been left on, drip, drip, waiting for my life, to be effortlessly, cut off. I could well be melting and the taste of the fluids dripping from my face is recognisable, I am drowning in my own blood, sweat and tears. Hesitating to open my eyes, I think of a rusty gate as the weight is so difficult to lift, secured with glue-like mucus, sharp and jagged in some places, my eyelids seem to be made of metal, brittle and disabled by age and rust. How long had I been here? Had I grown old in this battle? I feel altogether robotic, like a machine that had been broken, no longer a human but just another tool for those who are better than I am, either them or the person left in me gave me the strength to open my eyes, as that gateway is like lifting numerous tonnes of weight. But to my dismay all I saw were gashes of light that came to me like a stampede, the sand was on me and everywhere, each grain an annoying little bee, my eyes become a hive of little sand and blinding white, just being in existence. I sharply shut them again, I'm back in my own little world, but is that place really where I'm needed? Again, the shutter doors must open, the jagged edge is now broken, it seems a great weight off my mind when the entrance is clear, the gate is now satisfactory and lifts quite swiftly, I am free, freed into what? I'm stumped between a prison and a mass A and E. Everything around me is death, leads to death or inspires it. Ghoulish faces looked at me from all around, but with no expression. Their features lie beneath the murky layer of dust and dirt. One who was settled very close to me, has deep red stains all around his mouth and nose, it is visible to see the dried out tracks where blood had quickly escaped through his lips and nostrils, and even faint fingerprints where he must have rapidly checked the bleeding. He had been shot only once, in his neck, one move for one life and that touching of his face was likely to be the last move he ever made. His right hand lay on the sand, next to his neck, his fingertips too, tinted with his own blood. I suddenly realise that something was holding me up, I couldn't understand why I hadn't known this before, as it was far too close to my skin considering my vest, shirt and thick jacket, soon my awareness makes it somewhat painful. The sharp jagged material had formed a spear, and it took a moment to think about getting myself out of this awkward position. The gunshots in my leg and side were holding me back, but I had to use anything else I had in the world to push me away from this pain. †¦I can see my wife, that blinding white is now lighting up her big brown eyes, those same eyes that believed so much in me all that time ago, stand right before me as if they never left†¦ If this was all I had, it had to be enough to get me through this day; I must survive, if only for that. Stand up. I hesitantly move my boot soles onto to the flattest sand I can find, even now my leg is vibrating with pain, but I must go on. Stand up! Come on man! You are weak! You're no use to any of us down there! I won't ask you again boy! My knees unbend themselves and some miracle had led me to my feet, from where I immediately fall into the almost alight sand bed, it agitatedly buzzed around me, stinging and biting on any flesh available. But it was the distinct scream that will always haunt my mind, I didn't before this imagine I would ever fear my own voice, as it shattered the silence I lay hoping and praying it would not wake anybody up, I preferred to be alone. Or close to it, as my gaze now met that of another pair of eyes drained of all emotion. I looked at him, I wanted him to look unhappy, I wanted to feel sympathy, but it looked at me with pride, it had died in honour, it had done his duty, so nothing mattered. I reached out and gently pulled his eyelids over those misty eyes, and already began to miss him. I looked over him towards the admirable surroundings, where I always wanted to come, huge cliffs towered above me, crowned with beautiful plants, the vague outlines of which I saw swaying, almost dancing beneath the beautiful sunlight. The heat had done nothing but added to my pain, but the sky now glowed, its rich blue tones comforted me, I had done well, this I knew as I released my thoughts into the cloudless sky, where I stayed, 'til the end.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

USS California (BB-44) during World War II

Entering service in 1921, USS California (BB-44) served the US Navy for over a quarter-century and saw combat operations during World War II (1939-1945). Dubbed The Prune Barge due to the large volume of the fruit exported by California in the early part of the 20th century, the battleship was the second vessel of the Tennessee-class and was severely damaged during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Raised from the harbors mud, it was repaired and heavily modernized. Rejoining the fleet in 1944, California took part in the Allies island-hopping campaign across the Pacific and played a central role in the Battle of the Surigao Strait. Though hit by a kamikaze in early 1945, the battleship was quickly repaired and returned to action that summer. Remaining in the Pacific through the end of the war, California later helped transport occupation troops to Japan. Design USS California  (BB-44) was the second ship of the  Tennessee-class of battleship.  The ninth  type of dreadnought battleship  (South Carolina, Delaware, Florida,  Wyoming,  New York,  Nevada,  Pennsylvania,  and  New Mexico) built for the US Navy, the  Tennessee-class was intended to be an enhanced variant  of the preceding  New Mexico-class.  The fourth class  to follow the Standard-type approach, which required ships to possess  similar operational and tactical attributes,  the  Tennessee-class was propelled  by  oil-fired boilers rather than  coal and employed an  Ã¢â‚¬Å"all or nothing† armor arrangement. This armor scheme  called for critical  areas of the ship, such as magazines and engineering, to be heavily protected while less important spaces were left unarmored.  Also, Standard-type battleships were required to have  a  minimum top speed of 21 knots and a tactical turn radius of 700 yards or less. Designed after the  Battle of Jutland, the  Tennessee-class class was the first to utilize the  lessons learned in the engagement.  These included enhanced armor below the waterline as well as fire control systems for both the main and secondary batteries which were placed on top of two large cage masts. As with the  New Mexico-class, the new ships carried twelve 14 guns in four triple turrets and fourteen 5 guns.  In an improvement over  its predecessors, the main battery on the  Tennessee-class could elevate its guns to 30 degrees which increased the weapons range by 10,000 yards.  Ordered on December 28, 1915, the new class comprised two ships: USS  Tennessee  (BB-43) and USS  California  (BB-44). Construction Laid down at the Mare Island  Naval Shipyard on October 25, 1916, construction of California advanced through the winter and following spring when the  US entered  World War I.  The last battleship built on the West Coast, it slid down the ways on  November 20,  1919, with Barbara Zane,  daughter of California  Governor William D. Stephens, serving as sponsor.  Completing construction,  California  entered commission on August 10, 1921,  with Captain Henry J.  Ziegemeier in command.  Ordered to join the Pacific Fleet, it immediately became this forces flagship. USS California (BB-44) shortly after completion in 1921. US Naval History and Heritage Command USS California (BB-44) - Overview Nation:  United StatesType:  BattleshipShipyard:  Mare Island Naval ShipyardLaid Down:  October 25, 1917Launched:  November 20, 1919Commissioned:  August 10, 1921Fate:  Sold for scrap Specifications (as built) Displacement:  32,300  tonsLength:  624.5 ft.Beam:  97.3  ft.Draft:  30.3  ft.Propulsion:  Turbo-electric transmission  turning 4 propellersSpeed:  21  knotsComplement:  1,083  men Armament (as built) 12  Ãƒâ€" 14 in. gun (4  Ãƒâ€" 3)14 Ãâ€" 5 in. guns2 Ãâ€" 21 in. torpedo tubes Interwar Years Over the next several years,  California  participated in a routine cycle of peacetime training, fleet maneuvers, and war games.  A high-performing ship, it won the Battle Efficiency Pennant in 1921 and 1922 as well as Gunnery E awards for 1925 and 1926.  In the former year,  California  led elements of the fleet on a goodwill cruise to Australia and New Zealand.  Returning to its usual operations in 1926, it underwent a brief modernization program in the winter of 1929/30 which saw enhancements to its anti-aircraft defenses and additional elevation added to its main battery. Though largely operating out of San Pedro, CA during the 1930s,  California  transited the Panama Canal in 1939 to visit the  Worlds Fair in New York City.  Returning to the Pacific, the battleship took part in Fleet Problem XXI in April 1940 which simulated the defense of the Hawaiian Islands.  Due to increasing tensions with Japan, the fleet remained in Hawaiian waters after the exercise and shifted its base to Pearl Harbor.  That year also saw  California  selected as one of the first six ships to receive the new RCA CXAM radar system. World War II Begins On December 7, 1941,  California  was moored at the southernmost berth on Pearl Harbors Battleship Row.  When the Japanese attacked that morning, the ship quickly sustained two torpedo hits which caused extensive flooding.  This was worsened by the fact that many watertight doors had been left open in preparation for an impending inspection.  The torpedoes were followed by a bomb hit that detonated an  anti-aircraft ammunition magazine. A second bomb, which just missed, exploded and ruptured several hull plates near the bow.  With the flooding out of control,  California  slowly sunk over the next three days before settling upright in the mud with just its superstructure above the waves.  In the attack, 100 of the crew were killed and 62 wounded.  Two of Californias crew, Robert R. Scott and Thomas Reeves,  posthumously received the Medal of Honor for the actions during the attack. USS California (BB-44) sinking after being torpedoed at Pearl Harbor. National Archives and Records Administration Salvage work commenced a short time later and on March 25, 1942,  California  was re-floated and moved to dry dock for temporary repairs.  On June 7, it departed under its own power for Puget Sound Navy Yard where it would begin a major modernization program.  Entering the yard, this plan saw significant alterations to the ships superstructure, the trunking of the two funnels into one, improved watertight compartmentalization, expansion of the anti-aircraft defenses, alterations to the secondary armament, and a widening of the hull to increase stability and torpedo protection.  This last change pushed  California  past the beam limitations for the Panama Canal essentially limiting it to wartime service in the Pacific. Rejoining the Fight Departing Puget Sound on January 31, 1944,  California  conducted shakedown cruises  off San Pedro before steaming west to aid in the invasion of the Marianas.  That June, the battleship joined combat operations when it provided fire support during the Battle of Saipan.  On June 14, California sustained a hit from a shore battery which inflicted  minor damage and caused 10 casualties (1 killed, 9 wounded).  In July and August, the battleship aided in the landings on Guam and Tinian.  On August 24, California  arrived at Espiritu Santo for repairs after a minor collision with  Tennessee.  Completed, it then departed for Manus on September 17 to join forces massing for the invasion of the Philippines. National Museum of the US Navy / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain Covering  the landings on Leyte between October 17 and 20,  California, part of Rear Admiral Jesse Oldendorfs 7th Fleet Support Force, then shifted south to the Surigao Strait.  On the night of October 25, Oldendorf inflicted a decisive defeat on Japanese forces at the Battle of Surigao Strait.  Part of the larger Battle of Leyte Gulf, the engagement saw several Pearl Harbor veterans exact revenge on the enemy.  Returning to action in early January 1945,  California  provided fire support for the Lingayen Gulf landings on Luzon.  Remaining offshore, it was struck by a kamikaze on January 6 which killed 44 and wounded 155.  Completing operations in the Philippines, the battleship then departed for repairs at Puget Sound. Final Actions In the yard from February through late spring,  California  rejoined the fleet on June 15 when it arrived off Okinawa.  Aiding troops ashore during the final days of the Battle of Okinawa, it then covered minesweeping operations in the East China Sea.  With the end of the war in August,  California  escorted occupation troops to Wakayama, Japan and remained in Japanese waters until mid-October. Receiving orders to return to the United States, the battleship shaped a course through the Indian Ocean and around the Cape of Good Hope as it was too wide for the Panama Canal.  Touching at Singapore, Colombo, and Cape Town, it arrived at Philadelphia on December 7.  Moved into reserve on August 7, 1946,  California was decommissioned on February 14, 1947.  Retained for twelve years, it was then sold for scrap on March 1, 1959.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Cyanide Poisoning From Apples, Peaches, Cherries

The weather is nice, so I was out looking at trees and shrubs to add to my garden. I noticed the tags on trees from the Prunus genus (cherries, peaches, plums, apricots, almonds) carried the warning that the leaves and other parts of the plant can be toxic if ingested. Thats true of other members of the rose family as well (large family which includes roses, but also apples and pears). The plants produce cyanogenic glycosides which can lead to cyanide poisoning in people and animals if enough of the compound is ingested. Some leaves and wood contain relatively high levels of the cyanogenic compounds. Seeds and pits from these plants also contain the compounds, though you need to chew several of the seeds to get a dangerous exposure. (This Letter to the Editor of American Family Physician cites references for fatalities from apple seeds and apricot kernels, in addition to other plants.) If you swallow the odd seed or two, dont be concerned. Your body is well-equipped to detoxify low d oses of cyanide. However, consult poison control if you suspect your child or pet (or farm animal) has eaten several seeds. If youre out camping and want sticks for roasting hotdogs and marshmallows, avoid using twigs from these plants.Apple Seeds Cherry Pits Are Poisonous | Drugs from PlantsPhoto: Darren Hester

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Madoff Securities Essay - 1409 Words

Assignment 1: Madoff Securities Abstract In the case of Bernie Madoff this is perfect example of how unethical behavior can turn into corruption. Madoff, a former investment and stock broker, was formally introduced to the world as the sole operator in the largest Ponzi scheme on record. Madoff turned his financial management company into a colossal Ponzi scheme that swindled billions, from thousands of his investors. In this paper we determine the regulatory oversight that was in place while the Ponzi scheme was operating, and speculate on the main reasons why they did not discover the scheme, we’ll look at investing in Madoff Securities and how to expose the potential fraud.†¦show more content†¦Second, I would want visibility of the trading online so that I could see what was bought and sold. Bernard Madoff Investment Securities would wait until the end of the quarter and the manufacture the gains he wanted by claiming that he bought and sold certain shares. If Bernard Madoff Investment Securities couldnt show anyone during the quarter because BMIS hadnt figure out what he was going to retroactively claim to have bought and sold. Third, I would want to know that the auditor was registered with the AICPA (BMIS was not) and that he was an expert in securities. Four, ask for references from others who are already with the firm is also wise, but keep in mind they most likely will not give you an unhappy representative as a reference. The best way to judge is to research the growth and lost rate of producers over the past several years. If more advisors are joining and few are leaving, then it may be one to consider. Determine the fundamental audit procedures that you should have applied investment. The fundamental audit procedures that applied to this investment takes place in between the date that the financial statements state, and the date of the auditors report. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Online Store Case Study

Question: You have recently joined an online organization as E-Business Reseacher who has been contracted to analyse the business model of a medium-large sized B2C company (with an online presence) in the retail or services sector, and present your case study to the board of directors. In order to complete this task you need to: Select an appropriate e-commerce company Visit its Web site and analyse its business model based on the information you find there. The report should include the following : A brief overview of the organisation in question The Importance of an effective business model The technical requirements for the successful adoption of E-Commerce The eight key components of an effective business model 1. Value proposition2. Revenue model3. Market opportunity 4. Competitive environment 5. Competitive advantage 6. Market strategy 7. Organizational development 8. Management team Answer: Item Range offered by Company-Online Car Accessories and Tools of different sorts Leisure items for sailing, outdoors Electrical Household machines for any sort of usgae Appropriation Center Appropriation focus had two decisions in the middle of Australia and Asia. The previous was picked by the organization and the district. The consortium needs to create another organization and has built up the accompanying framework of its operations. In general, SCM innovation development proceeds, with utilitarian frameworks, for example, transportation and interest arranging, keeping on being created and upgraded to backing practical execution increments. New abilities are advancing in innovation territories that exploit in-memory/ fast diagnostic transforming, greatly huge datasets and cloud-based stages (giving framework flexibility and simpler mix/onboarding capacities). A blend of these abilities is likewise advancing to bolster a more multi endeavor perspective and administration of store network business forms. Sellers predominant in developed advancements are tested with staying present and applicable. In a few zones, they may be supplanted by new, more inventive sellers in usefulness and/or organization alternatives. (Rajasree K. Rajamma, 2007) In general, SCM innovation development proceeds, with utilitarian frameworks, for example, transportation and interest arranging, keeping on being created and upgraded to backing practical execution increments. New abilities are advancing in innovation territories that exploit in-memory/ fast diagnostic transforming, greatly huge datasets and cloud-based stages (giving framework flexibility and simpler mix/onboarding capacities). A blend of these abilities is likewise advancing to bolster a more multi endeavor perspective and administration of store network business forms. Sellers predominant in developed advancements are tested with staying present and applicable. In a few zones, they may be supplanted by new, more inventive sellers in usefulness and/or organization alternatives. (Rajasree K. Rajamma, 2007) Sourcing We find that end clients are getting to be more educated in the screening and determination of SCM advances. Applying pace layering as a way to deal with dissect process development necessities (and, hence, business esteem), and additionally connecting this to the kind of innovation and sourcing alternatives, is beginning to pick up footing with our customers (there's all the more on pace layering in the Hype Cycle segment). The utilization of pace layering in SCM that is connected to process development models is ended up being an extremely helpful structure to help explore the SCM innovation market. The clarity of the potential business case, and in addition the related business techniques and capabilities needed to completely influence the innovation, are having more huge impact in helping organizations comprehend if and when they ought to contribute, and from where they ought to source the innovation. Nonetheless, store network pioneers are outpacing others. There is an enlarging crevice in the middle of pioneers and devotees, with the pioneers being more hazard tolerant and years in front of adherents in considering fresher advances. (Jayant Anand, 2009) Request Volatility and logistics As far as key deterrents in accomplishing store network objectives, conjecture exactness/request unpredictability is still No. 1, as it has been for as long as couple of years. There are two sides to this. The main is the persistent commute to get closer to the end purchaser, improving intermediary for the genuine interest flag, and utilizing this to drive back through whatever is left of the inventory network to adjust and synchronize. The second is making a beneficial supply reaction to these interest signs. This angle is frequently to some degree neglected in an organization's longing to make steadily exact and definite estimates. Inventory network pioneers perceive that enhancing the nature of the interest sign is basic, however their capacity to react productivity to these interest signs is additionally imperative, perceiving that, as a rule, there will be critical lingering interest unpredictability. Reacting to the client could be attained to with expense overwhelms, exorbitan t stock and "firefighting," yet reacting gainfully means understanding the wellsprings of variability and getting ready for them fittingly, in light of fitting end-to-end quality exchange offs. Presently, the OSO model is a rising idea at the 5% post-trigger position, subsequent to just introductory impromptu philosophies and courses of action, and point arrangement instruments are accessible in today's production network merchant environment. Client driven data framework toolsets exist for physical supply chains. IT devices empowering a few methods inside computerized supply chains as of now exist as point arrangements for instance, inserted programming administration supporting qualifications, and prescient examination (PA) supporting Pattern-Based Strategy. Notwithstanding, the general configuration, arrangement and administration of end-to-end frameworks and arrangements taking into account an incorporated innovation toolset don't yet exist. These toolsets will develop in the following five to 10 years, with completely incorporated innovation arrangements in over 10 years. Store network Challenges Today's store network models are centered around the physical inventory network, including the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model, which arranges five key components (plan, source, make, convey and return). The SCOR model doesn't address developing information based computerized systems and data based arrangement arranges that empower OEMs to advance into an OSO. Further, there are no plainly characterized model architectures, methods and innovation toolsets that classify how to coordinate and deal with these physical, computerized and information systems to make frameworks and create data arrangements of worth to the client. The absence of clear definitions, store network structural planning and procedure structures repress inventory network pioneers from offering coordinated client interest driven data frameworks and arrangements. This, thusly, restrains innovation suppliers from offering incorporated toolsets to plan, produce, catch, approve, coordinate and deal with t he information systems. In general, SCM innovation development proceeds, with utilitarian frameworks, for example, transportation and interest arranging, keeping on being created and upgraded to backing practical execution increments. New abilities are advancing in innovation territories that exploit in-memory/ fast diagnostic transforming, greatly huge datasets and cloud-based stages (giving framework flexibility and simpler mix/onboarding capacities). A blend of these abilities is likewise advancing to bolster a more multi endeavor perspective and administration of store network business forms. Sellers predominant in developed advancements are tested with staying present and applicable. In a few zones, they may be supplanted by new, more inventive sellers in usefulness and/or organization alternatives. (Rajasree K. Rajamma, 2007) Later on, data framework and arrangement pioneers will need to deliberately oversee "amazing information" sources and physical inventory network items and administrations to make client driven data frameworks and end-to-end arrangements. Utilizing the OSO model system, store network thought pioneers alongside deals, administration, IT and item specialists must evaluate their current data framework suites and create a guide to include rising advanced and arrangement process applications and devices. Quality Chain Mapping Utilize the quality chain-mapping procedure to recognize where present and future information will be created and utilized crosswise over physical, advanced and arrangement systems. Market the potential advantages of client quality, gainfulness, productivity and administration creation as a blazing stage for cooperation crosswise over store network, IT, deals, item and administration associations. Merchants and suppliers must recognize whether and how new or repurposed innovation and IT stages empower the 10 computerized and arrangement forms. Utilize the OSO demonstrate as a typical structure to clear up parts and toolsets that backing the information administration biological community, including associations with the physical worth chain and quality added administrations gave to supplement physical systems. Business Impact: The rising OSO model and store network philosophy, including ideas, definitions, courses of action and comparing toolsets, can be utilized by both physical and computerized production network brand proprietors to make client driven data frameworks and arrangements. Key industry verticals that can influence their physical supply chains are gadget makers, including hightech, modern, aviation and protection, car, information transfers and correspondences, buyer hardware, and therapeutic gadget and gear organizations. Media content suppliers will likewise have the capacity to advantage from the OSO show by utilizing their computerized supply chains. The OSO model will make a typical system for cooperation in the middle of gatherings, and guarantee that all the vital procedure and specialized application abilities are empowered and considered in client driven data frameworks and arrangements. Coordinated Model crosswise over Distribution Chain Today, there are no far reaching models that coordinate the physical, advanced and arrangement supply chains just beginning impromptu and point arrangement ideas and strategies. Market entrance of the OSO model and toolsets for producers and substance suppliers is required to surpass 50% at development, like the broad utilization of the SCOR display and related outsider applications, toolsets and ERP suites for the administration of physical supply chains. Before inventory network empowered item way of life administration (PLM) can get to be standard, organizations must make an incorporated cross-practical methodology that will eventually oblige programming merchants to extend their foot shaped impressions through improvement, securing or associations to give the looked for after bound together stage. A gradually developing gathering of organizations have realigned their associations and measurements, coordinated advancements and layered on business knowledge (BI) usefulness to make some progress in making inventory network empowered PLM, yet innovation improvement has slacked. Innovation that is composed starting from the earliest stage as a stage for supporting end-to-end inventory network empowered PLM is still five to 10 years from being extensively accessible. Manageability Planning Manageability touchy arranging and enhancement alludes to a scope of advancements and applications that empower endeavors to evaluate, model and, eventually, streamline their supply chains, expressly considering supportability measurements, (for example, nursery gas discharges and waste). Beginning arrangements will barely concentrate on particular individual production network administration (SCM) procedures, for example, transportation arranging and system outline displaying, with an objective to upgrade a restricted arrangement of asset limitations, for example, minimizing carbon foot shaped impressions. Position and Adoption Speed Justification: Tools exist that minimize or enhance variables that could influence a production network's feasible execution, (for example, transportation wanting to minimize squandered miles and transportation mode), which could, thusly, decrease carbon emanations. In any case, apparatuses are quite recently developing, with quality uneven, that unequivocally utilize carbon foot shaped impression as an enhancement objective and have content databases that give carbon foot shaped impression variables, for example, transportation mode information, in which a diesel truck of a certain size discharges a certain measure of carbon dioxide every mile driven. In general, SCM innovation development proceeds, with utilitarian frameworks, for example, transportation and interest arranging, keeping on being created and upgraded to backing practical execution increments. New abilities are advancing in innovation territories that exploit in-memory/ fast diagnostic tran sforming, greatly huge datasets and cloud-based stages (giving framework flexibility and simpler mix/onboarding capacities). A blend of these abilities is likewise advancing to bolster a more multi endeavor perspective and administration of store network business forms. Sellers predominant in developed advancements are tested with staying present and applicable. In a few zones, they may be supplanted by new, more inventive sellers in usefulness and/or organization alternatives. (Rajasree K. Rajamma, 2007) . In general, SCM innovation development proceeds, with utilitarian frameworks, for example, transportation and interest arranging, keeping on being created and upgraded to backing practical execution increments. New abilities are advancing in innovation territories that exploit in-memory/ fast diagnostic transforming, greatly huge datasets and cloud-based stages (giving framework flexibility and simpler mix/onboarding capacities). A blend of these abilities is likewise advancing t o bolster a more multi endeavor perspective and administration of store network business forms. Sellers predominant in developed advancements are tested with staying present and applicable. In a few zones, they may be supplanted by new, more inventive sellers in usefulness and/or organization alternatives. (Rajasree K. Rajamma, 2007) References Salvatore G. Fiore, Shaun Kelly, (2007) "Surveying the use of sound in online stores: Practices, possibilities and pitfalls for user experience", International Journal of Retail Distribution Management, Vol. 35 Iss: 7, pp.600 611 Rajasree K. Rajamma, Audhesh K. Paswan, Gopala Ganesh, (2007) "Services purchased at brick and mortar versus online stores, and shopping motivation", Journal of Services Marketing, Vol. 21 Iss: 3, pp.200 212 Jayant Anand (2009), Supermarketization, consumer choices, and the changing food retail market structure: the case of Citlalicalli, Mexico, in Donald C. Wood (ed.)Economic Development, Integration, and Morality in Asia and the Americas (Research in Economic Anthropology, Volume 29), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.63-88 Eric T. Anderson, Duncan Simester, Florian Zettelmeyer (2010), Internet channel conflict: Problems and solutions, in Naresh K. Malhotra (ed.)7 (Review of Marketing Research, Volume 7), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.63-92

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Jabberwocky poem Essay Example

The Jabberwocky poem Paper How Does Through The Looking Glass Compare To The Usual Childrens Stories Acceptable in The Victorian Era And How Lewis Carrolls Childrens Novels May Have Influenced 20th Century Authors. Through The Looking Glass was written by Lewis Carroll in 1872. The story is about a little girl called Alice, a character based on Alice Liddell, one of the daughters of the Dean of Christ Church, Oxford. The book is very different from other stories written at the time; Lewis Carroll takes his heroine, Alice, into a world of fantasy to be found behind her lounge mirror. Alice is made into a very independent little girl, making many of her own decisions and at times being quite rude. This would not have been how a child would have behaved in Victorian Society; they were seen and not heard! Once through the looking glass Alice finds herself in a world where everything is back to front: she has to walk towards the house to walk in the garden and events are felt before they happen: the White Queen puts a bandage on her finger, then screams with pain and then pricks her finger. All the animals and flowers in the book are given human characteristics and can talk. We will write a custom essay sample on The Jabberwocky poem specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Jabberwocky poem specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Jabberwocky poem specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer she spoke again, in a timid voice-almost in a whisper. And can all the flowers talk? As well as you can, said the Tiger-Lily. And a great deal louder. She also meets nursery rhyme characters such as Humpty Dumpty who is acting out his nursery rhyme exactly. Alice finds herself in a long and complicated game of chess in which she is a pawn and has to follow certain moves to become a queen and reach the end of the game; once again the chess pieces are given human characteristics. At the end of the book Alice finds that the red queen has turned into her kitten and that she is still sitting in her lounge. The whole episode has been a dream. There are no morals or messages in this book. Aesops fables are a good example of childrens stories with morals. Mainly using animals, like Lewis Carrolls given human characteristics, to act out a story with a moral ending. In The Hare and The Tortoise two animals race each other. The hare knows he is faster than the tortoise and decides to take a rest; he falls asleep and wakes up just in time to see the tortoise win. Meanwhile, the slow old tortoise had been plodding on doggedly. He passed the tree and the sleeping hare. Then he passed the winning post. The moral of this is Slow and steady can win the race. In Aesops tales animals are used to illustrate stories and the roles they play show their true way of life: In The Hare and The Tortoise the hare was fast and the tortoise slow. In Through The Looking Glass the animals take on roles that are not natural to them and are pure fantasy. Similarly in the Beatrix Potter books animals are clothed, able to speak and take on human characters as can be seen by Mrs Tiggywinkle doing the washing. Roald Dahls book The BFG written in1982 is similar to Through The Looking Glass in some ways. The heroine, a little girl called Sophie, is a normal child and has no strange or imaginary powers. Like Alice she is very independent and makes all her own decisions. Unlike Lewis Carrolls book the main characters in the stories i. e. the giants are totally imaginary and use made up words and eat made up foods. Sophie said: What do you drink? Frobscottle, announced the BFG. All giants is drinking frobscottle. They live a totally imaginary existence unlike any human being. Roald Dahl also introduces some real life characters into his book like the Queen and her staff and the Armed Forces. Like Alice, Sophie is given great influence over these people. In Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone by J. K. Rowling written in 1997 Harry looks like a normal boy and to a certain extent acts like a normal boy but, unlike Alice and Sophie, is given magical powers. Objects are given magical powers like the broomsticks. Harrys broom jumped into his hand at once, but it was one of the few that did. Mystical creatures such as dragons appear, but none of these take on human characteristics. In the nonsense verse, which was so popular at this time, especially that by Edward Lear, creatures are totally imaginary and bear no resemblance to living creatures. In The Dong With The Luminous Nose the Dong is an imaginary creature living in a totally imaginary place and all the names are made up. Landing at Eve near the Zemmery Fidd Where the oblong oysters grow. This is similar to Through The Looking Glass where Alice enters an imaginary world and also to a certain extent in Harry Potter where Harry goes through the wall at the railway station to find platform 9 3/4 and the Hogwarts Express and many of the other place settings are made up. The barrier was coming nearer and nearer-he wouldnt be able to stop-the trolley was out of control-he was a foot away-he closed his eyes ready for the crash- It didnt come.. he kept on running.. he opened his eyes. A scarlet steam engine was waiting next to a platform crowded with people. In The BFG real places are mixed with imaginary as you have the caves where the giants live but then the main parts of the story take place in London at Buckingham Palace. Lewis Carroll uses nonsense poems in his story such as The Walrus And The Carpenter where the walrus and the carpenter take all the little oysters for a walk and end up eating them! But answer came there none- And this was scarcely odd, because Theyd eaten every one! The oysters are again given human characteristics by mentioning their shoes and making them able to talk and walk on two feet. Poems do not play a big part in either The BFG or Harry Potter. The language in Through The Looking Glass is very correct. The grammar is as you would expect a Victorian book to be written. The text is quite clear and easy to follow. Lewis Carroll does use many puns throughout the book. It sounds like a horse, Alice thought to herself. And an extremely small voice, close to her ear, said, you might make a joke on that- something about horse and hoarse you know. The same can be said of Aesops Fables that are written very clearly and for a younger child, using simple words. Some of the language used by Lewis Carroll is very adult and long words are used that a child may not know the meaning of. In Aesops Fables a child could easily read and understand the text. J. K. Rowling also writes in a way that a child can understand, once again the book is very grammatical and clearly written. In some instances she uses made up words to name items, objects and animals that are imaginary and made up purely for the story. This balls called the Quaffle, said Wood. The chasers throw the Quaffle to each other and try to get it through one of the hoops to score a goal. Roald Dahl writes so a child can easily understand what the story is about. In The BFG there are a lot of made up words used by the giants and the BFG, himself, talks very ungrammatically. Is you quite snugly there in your nightie? he asked. You isnt fridgy cold? In Through The Looking Glass all of the speech by the characters is grammatical and correct. However, in the Nonsense verse included in the book Lewis Carroll makes up words, especially in the Jabberwocky poem. Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe.